Today, more than ever before, the rule of law is considered key to “sustainable political and economic development” and has become “the central policy” in international development cooperation. Nonetheless, the rule of law has also come under increasing criticism. In particular, it has been criticized for being “inadequately theorized”, which has led not only to considerable disagreement over its contents, but also fears that “the rule of law might devolve to an empty phrase” completely devoid of meaning. This criticism is fuelled by the “parallel conversations” that are taking place between academics who focus on the rule of law’s end purposes and ideals and practitioners who are mainly driven by its institutional attributes. While rule of law scholars increasingly call for “focus and modesty” to rule of law reform efforts, the international rule of law movement “remains undeterred from adopting ‘comprehensive’ whole-system approaches.” Stemming from a workshop convened by the Human Rights Program at Harvard University in November 2013, the book The International Rule of Law Movement: A Crisis of Legitimacy and the Way Forward grapples with some of these criticisms by bridging theory and practice.