International Marine Environmental Law, Institutions, Implementation and Innovations is a collection of papers that describes and analyzes existing and emerging issues faced by nations and international lawyers in protecting one of the world’s most valuable ecosystems: water. Water is an essential element of human life, and it has been used without restriction for so many years that constraints are now imperative to ensure its continued availability for all. The law of the sea initially focused on the sharing of this vast resource by nations, and is well established by both codified and customary international law. In contrast, marine environmental law is an emerging field, which must be reconciled with the traditional law governing the seas. This book is a product of the International Conference on Marine Environmental Law organized by the GAUSS – Institute for Environmental Protection and Safety in Shipping in Bremen, Germany on its fifth anniversary in April 2002. This collection of thought provoking papers highlights the need for an integrated management of the marine environment where, science, laws, policies and institutions complement each other in developing an effective mechanism to protect our complex and valuable marine ecosystem. In their papers on marine environmental law, the authors examine the institutional challenges to achieving such an integrated management, and provide thoughtful ideas in meeting the challenges. The chapters in the book may be classified under four broad categories: treaties and dispute settlement, implementation, enforcement, and scientific aspects.